Sternal fractures were once thought to be high-morbidity injuries, with a mortality rate of 25-45% from associated injuries.
- 60-90% of cases occurring in motor vehicle accidents by seat belts or by direct impact with the steering wheel. (Incidents are now decreasing with more cars fitted with airbags.)
- Contact sports.
- Patients over 50 have a higher prevalence and risk of sustaining sternal fractures, with a higher incident in the elderly and women.
- Rib fractures
- Flail chest
- Pulmonary Contusion
- Blunt cardiac injuries
- Pericardial tamponade
- Sternoclavicular joint Dislocation
- Vascular injury
- Spinal Injuires
- Trauma to head, neck, abdomen and extremities