Congenital Torticollis is a stiff neck associated with muscle spasm, classically causing lateral flexion contracture of the cervical spine musculature.
Etiology : Ubknown Etiology causes damage to the Sternocleidomastoid Muscles in the neck.The muscles affected are principally those supplied by the spinal accessory nerve.
- Birth trauma
- Intrauterine malposition
Common treatments :
- Low-impact exercise to increase strong form neck stability
- Manipulation of the neck by a Doctor of Chiropractic, Physical Therapist, or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine.
- Extended heat application.
- Repetitive shiatsu massage.