ch. 12 Congenital muscular torticollis

Posted: May 6, 2012 in Traumatology

Congenital Torticollis  is a stiff neck associated with muscle spasm, classically causing lateral flexion contracture of the cervical spine musculature.

Etiology : Ubknown Etiology causes damage to the Sternocleidomastoid Muscles in the neck.The muscles affected are principally those supplied by the spinal accessory nerve.

  1. Birth trauma
  2. Intrauterine malposition

Common treatments  :

  1. Low-impact exercise to increase strong form neck stability
  2. Manipulation of the neck by a Doctor of Chiropractic, Physical Therapist, or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine.
  3. Extended heat application.
  4. Repetitive shiatsu massage.
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