ch 5. Sextual Transmitted Diseases

Posted: May 13, 2012 in Gynocology

Trichomoniasis or Trichomonas vaginitis : 

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. The highest number of cases are seen in women between age 16 and 35. This include penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact. The parasite cannot survive in the mouth or rectum.

Symptoms

Women:

  1. Discomfort with intercourse
  2. Itching of the inner thighs
  3. Vaginal discharge (thin, greenish-yellow, frothy or foamy)
  4. Vaginal itching
  5. Vulvar itching or swelling of the labia
  6. Vaginal odor (foul or strong smell)

Men:

  1. Burning after urination or ejaculation
  2. Itching of urethra
  3. Slight discharge from urethra
  4. Occasionally, some men with trichomoniasis may develop prostatitis or epididymitis from the infection.

Gonorrhea :

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Anyone who has any type of sex can catch gonorrhea. The infection can be spread by contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus.

The bacteria grow in warm, moist areas of the body, including the tube that carries urine out of the body (urethra). In women, the bacteria may be found in the reproductive tract (which includes the fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix). The bacteria can even grow in the eyes.

Etiology:

  1. Have multiple sexual partners
  2. Have a partner with a past history of any sexually transmitted infection
  3. Do not use a condom during sex
  4. Abuse alcohol or illegal substances

Symptoms : Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 2 – 5 days after infection.

 Women :

  1. Vaginal discharge
  2. Burning and pain while urinating
  3. Increased urination
  4. Sore throat
  5. Painful sexual intercourse
  6. Severe pain in lower abdomen (if the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes and stomach area)
  7. Fever (if the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes and stomach area)

Men:

  1. Burning and pain while urinating
  2. Increased urinary frequency or urgency
  3. Discharge from the penis (white, yellow, or green in color)
  4. Red or swollen opening of penis (urethra)
  5. Tender or swollen testicles
  6. Sore throat (gonococcal pharyngitis)

If the infection spreads to the bloodstream, fever, rash, and arthritis-like symptoms may occur.

Ureaplasmosis :A sexually transmitted disease, which is the causative agent of Ureaplasma (Ureaplasma urealyticum). Infection ureaplasmosis are sexually transmitted or passed from mother to baby during delivery.Ureaplasma and mycoplasma – organisms a single family.

Ureaplasma, as well as mycoplasma, can cause inflammation of all parts of the urinary tract – the vagina, uterus and appendages. Finally, these microbes can cause inflammation of the joints, especially in rheumatoid arthritis.In women, 95% of cases have no symptoms. Distinguished: fresh ureaplasmosis (acute, sub acute, low-intensity), a chronic, characterized by low-symptom during and disease duration of more than 2 months.

Chlamydia or Chlamydiosis : Chlamydia is a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most commonly sexually transmitted.

Symptoms :

Men :As many as 1 in 4 men with chlamydia have no symptoms. In men, chlamydia may produce symptoms similar to gonorrhea.

  1. Burning sensation during urination
  2. Discharge from the penis or rectum
  3. Testicular tenderness or pain
  4. Rectal discharge or pain

Women :Only about 30% of women with chlamydia have symptoms.

  1. Burning sensation during urination
  2. Painful sexual intercourse
  3. Rectal pain or discharge
  4. Symptoms of PID, salpingitis, liver inflammation similar to hepatitis
  5. Vaginal discharge

    Effects from Chlamydia

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