Candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any of the Candida species (all yeasts), of which Candida albicans is the most common. Also commonly referred to as a yeast infection, candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis.Nearly 75% of all adult women have had at least one genital “yeast infection” in their lifetime.
- Pregnancy (Estrogen, make a woman more likely to develop a yeast infection)
- Uncontrolled Diabetes mellitus
- Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
- Use of corticosteroid medications
- HIV or AIDS
- Receiving chemotherapy
Several areas may be affected by fungal infection:
Symptoms of genital candidiasis:
Women : Genital itching or burning, with or without a “cottage cheese-like” Vaginal Discharge. Additional symptoms may include painful intercourse (Dyspareunia) or urination and redness of the vulva and inner thighs.
Intravaginal agents:butoconazole, clotrimazole, miconazole, nystatin, tioconazole, terconazole
Oral Agent: fluconazole as a single dose