ch 6. Genital Candidiasis or Candidal vulvovaginitis

Posted: May 13, 2012 in Gynocology

Candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any of the Candida species (all yeasts), of which Candida albicans is the most common. Also commonly referred to as a yeast infection, candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis.Nearly 75% of all adult women have had at least one genital “yeast infection” in their lifetime.

Etiology :

  1. Pregnancy  (Estrogen, make a woman more likely to develop a yeast infection)
  2. Uncontrolled Diabetes mellitus
  3. Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
  4. Use of corticosteroid medications
  5. HIV or AIDS
  6. Receiving chemotherapy

Several areas may be affected by fungal infection:

  1. Genitals
  2. Skin
  3. Mouth and throat
  4. Systemic infection

Symptoms of genital candidiasis:

Women : Genital itching or burning, with or without a “cottage cheese-like” Vaginal Discharge. Additional symptoms may include painful intercourse (Dyspareunia) or urination and redness of the vulva and inner thighs.

Men :   An itchy rash on the penis.

Treatment :

Intravaginal agents:butoconazole, clotrimazole, miconazole, nystatin, tioconazole, terconazole

How to use Butaconazole.

Oral Agent: fluconazole as a single dose

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